How can hybrid technology, which combines the benefits of two types of power sources, petrol and electricity, further contribute to:
- Reducing fossil fuel consumption?
- Reducing CO2 emissions?
- Improving urban air quality?
- Reducing running costs?
The Toyota Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle (PHV) uses, like earlier Toyota and Lexus hybrid vehicles, both a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and an electric motor. The PHV provides a solution to the problems mentioned above in the following ways:
- Reduces fossil fuel consumption - By allowing energy diversity through using household electricity from the grid so the electric battery of the vehicle can be charged by plugging it into a household electric socket
- Reduces CO2 emissions - Increased battery capacity gives the vehicle a longer electric-only driving range
- Improves urban air quality - By using the electric battery only, the PHV has the ability to produce zero emissions when driving in the urban environment
- Reduces running costs - The use of electricity reduces the overall running costs of the vehicle as electricity is less expensive than petrol and the battery can be charged during the night when electricity rates are lower
- Larger batteries allow a longer driving range, but they are heavier and more voluminous. The challenge is to produce smaller, more efficient batteries.
- The PHV can run longer and more often electric-only mode, such as on short trips in city driving
- Lower CO2 emissions and less fossil-fuel result in less pollution
- Charging the battery with less-expensive night time electricity lowers total running costs, providing an economic benefit to owners