A challenge has been to find different ways in which the telecommunications sector can develop technologies that can improve the traffic efficiency and reduce the environmental impact at the same time.
The telecommunications sector can play a significant role in developing technologies and promoting behaviour that reduce greenhouse gases. Communications technology is increasingly being integrated in the development and deployment of innovative Intelligent Transport System (ITS) solutions.
Telecom Italia ITS Platform is an advanced Information and Communications Techonology (ICT) distributed solution, based on Internet computing. It provides access to innovative telco capabilities, such as mobile network and A-GPS location services.
The platform provides info mobility services for the driver and the citizen. Innovative services aiming at optimising the management and use of public and private transportation are supported (e.g. sorting traffic to avoid jams, parking management, etc.). The platform is also designed to enable mobile payments and vehicle control (intelligent navigation, entertainment, etc.).
The data centres of Torino, Bologna, Cesano, Rozzano, Padova, Oriolo, Tiburtina, Pomezia and Bari are already working. 12 new data centres were available from October 2007.
Telecom Italia is also contributing to innovation in the area of ITS as a partner of the most important European R&D projects involving all major actors of the value chain.
All the entities of the transportation environment become interconnected and able to exchange data and information. In the near future, many different communication paradigms will become available and co-exist, such as Vehicle-to-Vehicle, Vehicle-to-Infrastructure, Service Centre-to-Vehicle, Pedestrian-to-Vehicle and Driver-to-Service Centre. Based on these solutions, many services to improve the traffic efficiency and reduce the environmental impact are developed.
The ITS market is very segmented with many different actors belonging to different market segments (vehicle makers, OEM, telematics, ICT, telecommunications) and with different dynamics. A cooperative approach has to be adopted in order to identify suitable business models that have to be supported by established standards and European policies.
By using the information obtained from mobile terminals and on-board telematic platforms, the new info mobility solutions allow for better traffic management to save energy, better use of urban infrastructure (e.g. parking) and to reduce travel time and CO2 emissions. The efficiency improvement for the public and private transportation process has a direct positive impact on the environment.