Enel

Type

Type 3: Multi-stakeholder urban alliance

Sector of the company/organisation

Energy & Utilities

Name of activity/project (or solution offered)

VICTORIA - Vehicle Initiative Consortium for Transport Operation and Road Inductive Applications

Relevant urban sustainability topic

climate (mitigation, adaptation,…)
energy
mobility
infrastructure (built environment)
sustainability strategy (strategy development at city level, urban planning,…)

Start year

2013

End year

2015

Brief project summary

Design, development and implementation of a urban bus line for inductive static and dynamic recharge. An electric urban bus vehicle has been retrofitted to be fully compatible with inductive recharging technology, as well as equipped with an auto-guiding system, for optimal positioning and moving in the bus lane.

Short activity description

Inductive recharge technology here developed has been implemented in a real living lab. The infrastructure here designed and implemented is able to recharge an electric bus in static and dynamic recharge mode, thanks to a communication system that informs about vehicle identity, energy needs, and any other information required for this safe, secure and efficient energy transference. Having no wires permits the smoothest urban integration, modularity and flexibility of this technical solution. 50 kW charging has been achieved in both dynamic and static recharging, while the ground infrastructure includes energy storage for demand side management and distribution system operation requirements.

Achieved impact

It is the first milestone of the development of lane induction for electric vehicles. Depending on the sizing could be applicable to cars (i.e. taxis) or buses of different sizes. This - together with an adequate local administration strategy - could promote innovative and sustainable solutions for city transport.

Is this project a best practice? Why?

Power Electronics here designed and developed present the last researches in DC/AC high frequency conversion and automated optimal frequency operation point. Inductive coils here implemented have been exclusively manufactured, a valuable know-how as these are elements that must be perfectly combined with other components like power capacitors. Aluminium shielding and cover plates have been designed, tested and validated. Improvement options are now in progress, like new cover plates improved thanks to graphene applications.

What are the main lessons learned during implementation?

It is essential to have the active participation of automotive industry if vehicle retrofitting is included in the scope of further initiatives. It is necessary to have a holistic vision of the design of the different elements in the infrastructure, as far as they will be implemented together and their dependence for an optimal functioning is very high.

More information on the project

Other details

Project by Endesa, an Enel Group company.